Without timely care from a dentist, there is a high risk that you may suffer from periodontal gum disease. With little to no awareness about gum disease has left many people realizing the condition during the latter stages, when it’s too late. It’s is good that you know the stages of gum disease so that you can know how to deal with it. Know more regarding gum disease here, https://www.ssmirandadental.com.au/general-services/.
Gum disease is a serious infection caused by degenerative bacteria which harm the gums and the bone structure which supports the tooth. The infection spreads around the root of the teeth causing the bone to reduce and eventually causing loss of teeth.
The mildest and earliest stages of gum disease are known as gingivitis. During this stage, swelling of the gums and bleeding during flossing and brushing is common. However, it’s possible to cure gingivitis with professional help from a dentist and through good dental habits.
Once gum disease progresses, it’s known as periodontitis. Periodontitis has several stages. Aggressive periodontitis is often seen in patients who are otherwise healthy. Symptoms include increasing size of gum pockets and subsequent bone degradation. Chronic periodontitis is characterized by inflammation of the tissue which supports the teeth causing progressive attachment of plaque and rapid loss of the bone. This is the most common form seen among patients and can be treated by a dentist carrying out gum surgery. Other stages of gum disease include periodontitis of a system disease which is caused as a result of some other disorder and necrotizing periodontal disease which is a dangerous form where the alveolar bone, periodontal ligament, and gingival tissues suffer from necrosis.
Any dentist near you can highlight a few key causes of gum disease. One of the leading causes is tobacco use and smoking. In addition to this, nearly thirty percent of the population is genetically prone to periodontal disease due to their genetic makeup. Gum disease is also seen among those who are pregnant or are undergoing other hormonal changes as hormonal fluctuations can affect tissues in the body. Medications such as heart medicines, oral contraceptives, and anti-depressants can also have a negative impact on the overall oral health and increase susceptibility to gum disease.
Mouth pain, bleeding gums, gaps between the teeth, tenderness of gums, receding gums, persistent halitosis, pus formatting between the teeth, changes in the bite and mouth sores are all common symptoms of gum disease. If you see any of these symptoms, visit your dentist to assess whether you suffer from gum disease and to receive timely treatment. Visiting your dentist in time can help save your teeth!