The treatment of gum disease depends on the stage of the problem, its response to previous treatment and general health. There are two types of gum disease treatment – non-surgical and surgical. Continue reading to know more about these types.
Non-surgical treatment controls the growth of bacteria, and surgical treatment is a more restorative procedure. Treatment of gum disease beyond surgery is listed below:
As the name implies, your dentist or dental hygienist will remove plaque and tartar. Cleansing is done for all the teeth above and below the gum line. If you feel you have certain signs of gum disease, your dentist will recommend this professional cleaning twice a year.
Scaling and Root Planing
This is a more thorough cleaning process. In this treatment, plaque and tartar are scraped from the top and bottom of the gum line (this is called the scale). After climbing, the thick spots on the teeth are softened (this is called root planing). The idea of smoothing the surface of the tooth is to remove the bacteria and give the gums a clean surface so they can reposition the teeth. Scaling and root planning are usually done if the dentist finds that their teeth have tartar (plaque hardened) in addition to the plaque.
Surgical treatment of gum disease is usually performed to restore damaged gums and teeth. The treatment is described below:
Flap Surgery/Pocket Reduction Surgery
According to this procedure, the gums are removed to remove the tartar. This is the most important step in the treatment of gum disease. Your periodontist will perform this surgery to remove calculus deposits. This is an attempt to reduce the periodontal pocket, and finally, it is easier for dentists and patients to keep that area clean. Once the procedure is finished, the chewing gums are sutured together to fit the tooth perfectly.
Bone and Tissue Grafts
Your periodontist may even suggest that you perform a bone grafting and tissue grafting operation, in addition to graft surgery to treat gum disease. Bone grafting is a way to promote new growth of periodontitis-damaged bone or gingival tissue. There is another procedure that is done in conjunction with the bone graft, called tissue regeneration.